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2017年6月大学英语四级听力常考习惯用语2
boboju人气2343日期17/03/27

三十一、laundry

该词本意是指洗衣店。但是在听力中,会用来借指洗衣服的工作。

比如,There's a lot of laundry to do. 有很多衣服要洗。

三十二、look

该词本身作为一个基本动词并无什么难度,但是它频频在听力中出现的各种用法我们不得不掌握一下。

1、看上去。

You look great. 你看上去气色很好。

You look awfully nervous. 你看上去很紧张。

All of my clothes look so old and I can't afford something new.

我所有的衣服看上去都很旧,我买不起新的。

It's not as bad as it looks. 它并没有看上去的糟。

2、查阅。look up 查阅字典

3、希望。look forward to

4、寻找。 look for

Do you think we should try to call him or look for him?

你认为我们是打电话给他呢,还是去找他?

Have you seen a young gentleman looking for his wristwatch?

你见过一个寻找腕表的年轻人吗?

三十三、make

1、make an appointment 预约

Why didn't you make an appointment to see the doctor last week?

你为什么上周不给医生打个预约电话。

2、make a call on the payphone 打一个收费电话

3、make room for sb 腾出位子给某人

Could you make room for the old lady? 你能为这位老太太让个座吗?

4、make it 达到,抵达,做到

But I'm afraid I can't make it. 但是我恐怕做不到。

I'm afraid I can't make it before 7 o'clock. 我恐怕在7点前没法到达。

三十四、mistake

1、错误。make a mistake

2、误认。这对双胞胎长得太像了,所以I often mistake one for another,并且无法tell them apart。

三十五、notice

1、通知。

Please wait for further notice. 请注意进一步通知。

2、注意到。

Have you noticed anything wrong here? 你注意到这里有什么问题吗?

三十六、offer

1、提供。公司提供工作职位给学生就是offer a job。国外大学提供奖学金即:offer scholarship。所以大家一般称国外大学的全额奖学金为offer。

I turned down the offer because it would mean frequent business trips away from my family.

我拒绝了这份工作因为它要求频繁的出差。

They're offering me a job after I graduate. 他们给我提供了一份毕业后的工作。

2、帮助。offer to help others 乐于助人

三十七、order

1、命令。这是最基本用法,不赘述。

2、订购。

I haven't received the furniture I ordered yet. 我还没有收到订购

How about the food I ordered? 我订的饭菜如何?

餐厅服务用语:Can I take / serve your order?

3、秩序。 out of order 乱糟糟,木有条理,其反意为in order。

三十八、paint

1、油漆。

Did Henry paint the whole house himself? 整栋房都是亨利自己漆的吗?

He had it painted. 他找人刷了油漆。

2、绘画。

Can you tell me the title of this oil painting? 你能告诉我这贴画油画的名字吗?

三十九、paper

1、论文。学期结束,学生难免会要被要求完成几篇papers。

(温馨提示:你听到paper的第一反应肯定是“纸”的!记住不是纸)

How much time did you have for writing the paper? 你写论文花了多少时间?

What's the teacher's comment on the student' s paper?

老师怎么评价这个学生的论文?

Are you sure you have corrected all the typing errors in this paper?

你确信论文中所有打印错误都更改了吗?

2、试卷。期中考试有mid-term paper,期末有term paper。因此,如果提到The paper was not as easy as we hope. 就是考试卷子没有想象得那么容易之意了。

3、书面。与paper test 书面考试(笔试)相对的就是oral test(口试)。固定搭配on paper也即表示“以书面形式”。

4、平装。a paper back book / paperback edition平装书,与hard back book / hard cover精装书相对。听力中会出现的情形是,在促销(on sale)期间,平装书和精装书一样的价格,这个时候大家当然会更愿意选择精装书了。

Do you have the paperback edition of this dictionary? 这本字典有平装版吗?

5、新闻报纸。来源于newspaper。在日常用语中,直接用paper指代新闻报纸。

I' m calling about the three-bedroom house you advertised in yesterday' s paper.

The paper says people tend to feel unwell if they sleep less than six hours a day.

I' d like to place an advertisement for a used car in this Sunday edition of your paper.

6、一般的纸张。该词最基本的意思。

I am looking for quality paper to type my essay. 我在找高质量的纸来打印论文。

_baidu_page_break_tag_

四十、polish

修改,润色。对论文,对求职简历。

I spend so much time polishing my application letter.

我花了很多时间润色我的申请文书。

四十一、print

1、打印。

Print this article out. 把这份文件打印出来。

2、印刷。与publish 相近,the printing industry 就是印刷业,out of print绝版。

The book has been out of print for some time now.

3、用印刷体写。

I have printed my family name, first name, date of birth, and address.

我用印刷体写上了我的姓,名,生日和地址

四十二、quality

本意为名词“质量”,在听力中也常用作形容词,表示“高质量的”。

如:quality life

I am looking for quality paper to type my essay.

我在找高质量的纸来打印论文。

四十三、quote / quotation

原意“引用”,在听力中出现的意思是报价。

买东西询问报价?

What' s your quotation? Can you quote for the new flat?

你的报价是多少?你能估计一下这套新公寓的价格吗?

四十四、realize

1、意识到。

I realize that I make a big mistake now. 我意识到自己犯了大错。

2、实现。最常用的说法就是实现梦想,realize the dream。

四十五、run

1、着急。Why run?

当你正急匆匆地催你的慢性朋友去赶火车,他就可以回答“Why run?”跑什么。

其实意思是不着急,时间还多着呢。

2、经营,运行。run one' s own business 经营某人自己的事业

The radio was running well, you needn' t worry about it.

收音机没问题,你不必担心。

You have to run your advertisement all week. 你整周都得登广告。

3、运转时间。in the long run 从长远来看

四十六、semester

这种表示“学期”的说法才是在口语听力中最为常见的。

I'm thinking of taking five courses next semester. 我在考虑下个学期选修5门功课。

四十七、severe

1、严重的。车祸造成了严重的伤害(severe injuries)。

2、十分的,表程度。

We haven' t had such a severe winter for so long, have we?

我们很久没有过如此寒冷的冬天了,是吗?

四十八、shelf

架子。主要用于指书架和货架,根据句子中的不同情境词汇来判断具体所指。

I don' t see any on the shelf. 架子上也没有

Here it is, on the upper shelf, next to Volume Two.

在这,架子上层,在第二册旁边。

四十九、sign

1、签名。sign one' s name

You just need to sign your name at the bottom. 你只要在底下签名就行了。

2、标识。一般常指交通标识。在违反交通场景中出现较多。

I' m sorry. I didn' t notice the sign. 对不起,我没有注意到标识。

This is one-way street. Didn' t you see the sign? 这是单行道,难道你没看标识吗?

_baidu_page_break_tag_五十、stay

1、stay up 熬夜

You' re always staying up late and working overtime.

你总是熬夜到很晚并且过度工作。

I stayed up the whole night studying for my midterm math exam.

我为了我的期中数学考试熬了一整夜。

2、stay for dinner 留下吃晚餐

3、stay awake 保持清醒

I was barely able to stay awake. 我几乎不能保持清醒。

五十一、suit

1、套装,衣服。

You look great in your new suit. 你穿上新衣服后看上去棒极了。

I bought a good suit in a clothing store. 我在衣服店里买了一套很好的套装。

2、一套公寓。这个意思必须根据后文来进行判断。

I bought a new suit in the central city this year. 我今年在市中心买了套公寓。

3、适合。

I hope it will suit you, sir. 我希望它能适合你,先生。

五十二、take

1、take a picture of 给……照相

Could you take a picture of me with the lake in the background?

你能以湖为背景给我照张像吗?

2、take good care of 好好照看

The man at the garage thinks that I take good care of my car.

修车库的人认为我非常爱惜自己的车。

五十三、tend to

倾向于,趋向于。

The paper says people tend to feel unwell if they sleep less than six hours a day.

报纸上说人如果每天睡眠少于6个小时将感到不舒服。

五十四、through

本意是穿越,穿过。在以下几个搭配中分别又有了不同的含义。

1、浏览。 read (straight) through

I' d better read it through again. 我最好还是再通读一次。

I didn' t read straight through the way you read a novel.

我不像你读小说那样从头到尾地浏览一遍。

2、结束、完成(工作)be (go) through

I had a hard time getting through this test. 完成测验对我来说很难。

That only leaves us 15 minutes to go through the customs and check our baggage.

我们只有15分钟的时间来接受海关检查和行李检查。

After two sleepless nights, I' m finally through with it.

经过两个不眠之夜,我终于完成了。

3、接通。get sb through

Would you get me through to Dr. Lemon please? 能帮我接通Lemon医生吗?

4、睡过了。sleep through

How could you sleep through it? 你怎么能睡过头了呢?

5、播放出来。come through

The power indicator was on, and it was running, but somehow the sound didn't come through.

电源指示灯是亮的,并且正常工作,但是为什么声音就是出不来呢?

五十五、turn

1、拒绝。turn down

有人会因为频繁的公务旅行(frequent business trips)而turn down一份还不错的工作。

而当因为某些事情而拒绝别人的邀请(turn down one' s invitation)时是最难以启齿的尴尬时刻,只能以I' d love to, but…等来搪塞。

2、转向,转移。 turn attention to 转移注意力

五十六、volume

1、音量。

Would you please turn the volume of the music down? 你能把音量调低点儿吗?

2、指书的卷,册。

I can' t find Volume Ten. 我找不到第10册书。

五十七、warm up

1、热身。正式开始进行剧烈运动前,我们都首先需要warm up。

I' m just going to do a few stretches to warm up. 我去做点伸展运动,热热身。

2、暖和起来

The forecast says it' s going to get worse before it warms up.

天气预报说在天气暖和起来以前还会先变得更糟糕。

五十八、be worth doing sth 值得做某事

Do you think it' s worth seeing? 你觉得那个值得一看吗?

五十九、be worthwhile to 值得……

It' s worthwhile to make the effort. 进行这样的努力是值得的。

六十、well-worth the time and trouble 值得这时间与精力

I find lessons well-worth the time and trouble. 我觉得这些课程值得好好学一下。

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