首页 > 大耳朵文章 > IELTS雅思 > 考试辅导 > 返回
[IELTS] 把握小作文书信语气
boboju人气2354日期16/09/08

一、审题
把握好G类书信语气的第一步,就是要弄清写信的要求和背景。雅思书信写作题目就是由背景信息和写作任务两个部分构成的,我们可以将其分成私人信件和事务性信件两种类型。写给亲朋好友的信可以归为前者,如友情信,请看下面这个例子:
09.01.15
You are going to have a business trip and arrange your friend to look after your children. Write a letter to the friend. You should:
1. Tell him/her which kind of food your children like and dislike
2. Tell him/her which kinds of activities your children can attend
3. Tell him/her the time you will pick up your children.
根据背景分析,这封书信是写给朋友请求帮助在自己出差期间照管孩子的,显而易见,这是一封私人信件,由于对方是挚友,写信的语气可以比较轻松和随意,在说明详细内容时,措辞不必讲究但要礼貌。
再来看一个例子:
09.02.07
Your friends have been out on holiday and ask you to stay at their house. However, there is a problem with a piece of equipment in the kitchen. Write a letter to them. In your letter, you should:
1. Describe your feeling at their home
2. Describe what the problem is
3. Describe what action you have done to solve the problem
这是一封抱怨信,写信人在朋友度假期间帮朋友看管房屋,在信中向朋友说明厨房用具的问题,这并非商务场合和正式交涉,切不可义正词严。
09.09.05
You are living in an English-speaking country and the restaurant near you is making a lot of noise everyday. Write a letter to the restaurant owner. In your letter, you should
1. say how you are disturbed by noise
2. give some suggestions to fix the problem
3. tell the owner further action will be taken if this problem remains unsolved.
这封信同属抱怨信,我们来比较一下它与上一封信的区别,这封信是写给餐馆经理的,说明对于餐馆噪声的不满,收信人与写信人并不熟悉甚至从未谋面,过于熟络的语气和措辞,或者在朋友之间使用的抱怨性较强的词汇都应尽量避免。
将常见的书信分为以下几类:询问信、建议信和求职信一般较为正式;友情信属于非正式信件;投诉信、道歉信、邀请信、感谢信的语气要根据具体情况而定。考生需要注意题目所描述的背景和对收信人的设定,分清写信对象,准确而恰当地把握题目要求,走好G类书信第一步。
二、信头称呼
所谓称呼是指写信人对收信人的称呼用语,一般用“dear”开头,在称呼后可以用逗号(英式)或是冒号“美式”。
1. 如果是写给亲戚或是关系密切的朋友,我们习惯于在“Dear”后加上对其的称呼或是名字(given name)。如:Dear mother或者是Dear Emma;
2. 如果是写给一家公司或者不知道具体职衔的人,可以用Dear Sir or Madam或To Whom It May Concern;
3. 如果知道具体职衔但不知其姓氏,可以以其职位称呼,如Dear Chief Accountant;
4. 如果写信人知道收信人的姓名和性别,但关系不够密切,只属于一般往来,Dear Mr./Mrs./Ms/Miss Wang会显得友好却不随便;
5. 另外,也可以用学位及职称加上姓氏或者全名,如Dear Dr. Will Smith, Dear Prof. (Professor) Jane Austin。

0.019488s