A. Listen and repeat, paying attention to the difference in pronunciation of the before a vowel and before a consonant .
the land the air the sea the ocean the world
the book the man the flower the apple the oil
the egg the mirror the cup the tape the achievement
the ace the accent the empire the emu the water
the milk the Olympic the new the old the west
the east the rich the pool the young the old
B. Listen and repeat. Notice that the word an is used before a vowel sound .
a nose an eye a leg an arm a chair
a foot a boy an ocean a ship a computer
an animal an umbrella a teacher a girl a television
an uncle an island a pig a coat a hand a child
a man an exam a bag an elephant a radio
an artist an ear an egg a woman a banana
a zoo a school bus an arm a map a pear
an apple an idea an envelope an infant
C. Ask where the following items are. A second student replies, using the locations in a suitable place .
Example: Where’s the sink in your house?
It’s in the bathroom.
TV set sofa pots and pans aspirin
rug easy chairs alarm clock ladder
beds bathtub pens and pencils electric meter
oven wastebasket piano paint brushes
sink phone bread lawnmower
D. Which of these things will you find in an office? Which in an amusement park? Form sentences (e.g.You’ll find a desk in an office)
desk chair phone flower book
map tree rug pen lamp
eraser bird calendar clock paper
lake zoo map bench computer
path swing police officer ant tree
lake grassland bridge boat roller
E. Circle the phrase you hear: a, b, or c .
1. a. a boy and a girl 6. a. the desk and the chair
b. the boy and the girl b. a desk and a chair
c. boy and girl c. desk and chair
2. a. the cup and the saucer 7. a. an apple and a pear
b. a cup and a saucer b. the apple and the pear
c. cup and saucer c. apple and pear
3. a. a man and a woman 8. a. cake and egg
b. man and woman b. a cake and an egg
c. the man and the woman c. the cake and the egg
4. a. teacher and student 9. a. the book and the knife
b. a teacher and a student b. a book and a knife
c. the teacher and the student c. book and knife
5. a. a stamp and an envelope 10. a. the teacher and the student
b. the stamp and the envelope b. a teacher and a student
c. stamp and envelope c. teacher and student
F. Tell what tools these workers use. Form sentences .
Example: A photographer uses a camera.
accountant dentist axe hammer carpenter
artist electrician brush knife photographer
barber woodcutter camera scissors drill
butcher mechanic computer wire cutters wrench
G. Match the synonyms and use them in a sentence .
Example: An exam is a test.
exam chair error tram mistake car artist auto
painter physician druggist doctor streetcar harmacist seat test
H. Put in an article where necessary.
Every year in _____ beginning of _____ spring, when _____ hillsides are covered with____ beautiful red flowers, you can hear _____ cuckoos. Their songs are so sweet and sad that they make ______ travelers think of their homes; and _____ red flowers that cover _____ hillsides are said to spring from_____ tears shed by these birds and are therefore called “_____ cuckoo flowers” in _____ Chinese. Many different stories have been told of _____ cuckoos, and _____following is one of them.
Once there were ____ two brothers who were very good to each other. They were _____ half-brothers, because _____ elder brother’s mother was dead, and his father had married again. But, although _____ stepmother was very unkind to _____ elder brother and made _____ life very hard for him, _____ younger brother loved him as his own soul and would do everything to cheer and comfort him.
One day, _____ mother gave _____ two brothers each _____ package of _____ seeds and enough food for ten days and said to them, “ Take these, and go and plant them, one on_____ eastern hill, and _____ other on _____ western hill. But do not come back till _____ seeds have spouted.”
Now _____ younger brother received _____ package of good seeds, but _____ seeds which were given to _____elder brother had been roasted over_____ fire. _____ two brothers did not know this, and set out on _____ journey as they were told.
“ As _____ two brothers were very good to each other they often carried _____ packages for each other. At last they came to _____ bridge where they were to part, and sat down to rest. When they got up again to say _____ good-bye to each other, they had _____wrong packages.
After _____ ten days were over, _____elder brother’s seeds had sent up _____ sprouts, and he came back happily to _____ bridge, where he expected t meet his brother. When he saw _____ sun was already setting and his brother had not yet appeared, he thought that perhaps he had gone home first, so he came back alone, sat at _____ heart.
_____ mother was so angry at seeing him that she told him to go and never come back until he had found his brother.
Now _____ younger brother had waited _____ ten days in vain for his seeds to sprout. His food was finished, but he dared not return home. After _____ long search, ______ elder brother at last found his dead body lying on _____ ground. While he was weeping, he heard _____ bird calling to him in _____ sad tone, “Cuckoo!” (which means “_____ elder brother”) and again “ Too-ngoo!”(Which means “I am hungry”.) And he knew it was his own dear brother.
_____ elder brother was so heart-broken that he killed himself and was changed into _____ hedge-sparrow. To this day, _____ hedge-sparrow still watches and hatches _____eggs for _____cuckoo. And for this reason _____ cries of _____ cuckoo are so much like _____song of _____ home-sick boy.
I. Read the following two passages .
There was once a traveler who was wet and cold because he had been riding in the rain. At last he reached a country inn. The inn was so crowded with people that he could not get near the fire. So he called out to the innkeeper, “Take some fish to my horse!” The innkeeper answered, “But a horse doesn’t eat fish!” The traveler then said, “ Never mind, do as I tell you.” The crowd of people, hearing this strange order, ran out to see a horse eat fish. The traveler, now having the whole room to himself, sat down beside the fire and warmed himself.
When the innkeeper came back with the crowd of people, he said,“ Your horse does would not eat the fish.” The traveler answered,“ Never mind; put it on the table, and when I have quite dried my clothes I will eat it myself.”
Why does the wind blow sometimes from the north and sometimes from the south or the east or the west? The answer is that the wind blows for the same reason that smoke from a fire moves upwards. The fire is hot; the air above gets warmed; the warm air expands and therefore gets lighter in weight because the same amount fills more space. The light warm air above the fire , because it is lighter than the air around it, rises as a piece of wood from the bottom of a pool. As it rises it carries the smoke with it and we see the smoke moving upwards. But as the warm air above the fire moves up, other, cooler air from round about comes in to take its place: and so a little “wind” blows toward the fire. The sun, shining upon the world, warms the air, not equally everywhere, but in some places much more than in others. The air over the warm places, wherever they may be, rises; the cooler air from round about blows in to take its place. So we have winds and breezes, sometimes soft and gentle, sometimes in raging storms.